Under MCO, Malaysian queer people face family violence at home
Written by Leyla| Published on 5 April 2020
Baca dalam Bahasa Malaysia di sini.
We are witnessing an unprecedented global health crisis at a scale none of us has seen before. For LGBT communities in Malaysia, the mounting pressure of having nowhere to go during this time of uncertainty is a cause for concern that is more common than people realise.
Research shows that many LGBT people are vulnerable to violence and aggression by their family members and others their close networks. Other than physical, emotional and sexual abuse, other forms of violence include withdrawal of financial and emotional support, being forced to undergo therapy, and forced marriage.
As the world battles the pandemic, the lack of gender and sexuality inclusive responses further marginalises us, as we see happening all over ASEAN. In our country where anti-LGBT attitudes are growing, the effects are alarming. Queer Lapis spoke to a couple of Malaysians on the realities of being a survivor of violence in toxic, isolating environments.
I need to listen to my father’s hatred every day
“I’m treated like a piece of garbage at home,” says Mohammad*, a research assistant in Penang who was forced to return to his family home after losing his job. Covid-19’s shock to the economy has been causing enormous anxiety over job security nationwide, but for highly discriminated LGBT communities, circumstances are much worse.
“My entire life has ground to a halt, and no one can protect us from our homophobic parents that are taking advantage of the isolation to hurt us,” Mohammad tearfully explains. He has not come out to his family yet, but they are suspicious of his sexuality and keep tabs on his text messages and call logs.
Mohammed shared a recent incident when his father began to preach to the family on how the so-called “deviancy of LGBT people” was the reason for the pandemic. He claimed that god is giving LGBT people an opportunity to return to ‘normal’.
“He blamed me for being the reason for all of us dying without explaining how and why…”
Mohammed’s father’s views are, unfortunately, not uncommon. A post went viral on social media recently with over 30,000 shares, claiming that Covid-19 is a punishment from god because of LGBT people and other associated ‘immoral’ acts worldwide.
“He blamed me for being the reason for all of us dying without explaining how and why except that the muftis in the mosque said so. How can anyone bear with this torture every single day?,” Mohammed says. Surviving these trying times in a religious family has been damaging to his mental health. He recounts the emotionally coercive ways his parents use to make him offer prayers and recite the Qur’an in front of them.
Mohammed believes the spiteful speeches of his parents and older siblings would see no end, and he is condemned to silence. “I always question whether I can live to celebrate the end of the lockdown, getting through this period is a painful struggle”.
Forced to marry behind closed doors
In another case, *Noor, a closeted lesbian and final year university student studying sociology in Kuala Lumpur tells us how her parents have, too, exploited her return home. She was shocked to find out she was proposed for marriage behind her back.
“I was ordered to look through photos of men and their profiles and nothing else these days, and I was never asked whether I even want to get married,” she says. Last week, a potential suitor and his mother visited her family. Noor refused to meet them and stayed in her own room, but her parents not only verbally abused her but aggressively dragged her out of her room.
“I have a bruise on my left arm from my mum’s grip, and when I complained about her hurting me, she tightened her hold even more without batting an eye,” Noor says. Stuck at home, she cannot stay in touch with her partner, whose existence is unknown to her family. Only while everyone is asleep can Noor hear a word of solace from her girlfriend. Noor says both of them live in fear of backlash from their parents and extended families that regard everything related to LGBT as a “grave sin”.
“No one cares in this country because I’m invisible, and now my family is subduing me, and I just can’t breathe anymore.”
Domestic violence rates have increased across many parts of the world, including Malaysia as the ‘stay-at-home’ order got enforced, and a number of NGOs have received increased emergency WhatsApp messages and phone calls. While these services don’t explicitly cater to queer people, they are known to be inclusive.
Gender-based violence is further amplified when queer identities are involved. Noor emphasises the issue of how violence against queer women is unaccounted for because most survivors fear persecution if they were to be out. “No one cares in this country because I’m invisible, and now my family is subduing me, and I just can’t breathe anymore”.
The fear of authorities is not unfounded as Queer Lapis has received two reports of the police allegedly profiling LGBT people at roadblocks, and going through their phones to check their Grindr messages and intimate photos. This highlights just how vulnerable LGBT people and other groups are during times of crisis.
Community and self-care are essential for survival
A pandemic is stressful enough, but add the extra layer of living with having a queer identity and the risks of mental health issues increase considerably.
According to Gia Kon, a queer-affirming counsellor with Soul Mechanics, the impacts of abuse on mental health cannot be understated. Suicide ideation, in particular, is a worrying trend among those who feel that they are helpless and alone in the world.
In addition to being a victim of domestic violence, “lack of physical contact and overthinking can cause you to have deep sadness and anxiety which could lead to acute health issues such as headaches and respiratory problems.”
During a crisis when our families and the authorities are the ones abusing us, we need to start depending on ourselves and each other for help.
It is important to reach out if you need. There are various people and organisations out there willing to provide support, whether it is money, a listening ear, or advice on escaping a dangerous situation.
We put together a list of essential contacts and services below to help you to surmount these moments of panic. All hope is not lost, our resilient community is on the frontlines, and you can get through this.
* Names have been altered for safety reasons
LGBT community organisations
- People Like Us, Hang Out [Facebook]
- KL Women Discussion Group [Twitter]
- PLUSOS, online Chinese-language support group [Website]
- Oogachaga, Singaporean-based LGBTQ-focused counselling center is providing free services to Malaysians.
- Email counselling: CARE@oogachaga.com
Whatsapp counselling: (+65) 8592 0609
(text-only, no calls)
[Sat: 2pm -5pm; Tue, Wed & Thu: 7pm–10pm]
- Email counselling: CARE@oogachaga.com
- Us! Email email@example.com for questions and recommendations on contacts and resources.
Professional help resources
- Soul Mechanics are a local org available to provide help when needed over a call or chat.
- Women’s Aid Organization can provide you with information on domestic violence and direct assistance.
- Malaysian Mental Health Association have hotlines open (note: lines can be very busy so texting them to schedule a call would be ideal).
- How-to self-care during quarantine
- List of Apps [Bustle]
- Bahasa Malaysia guide [Queer Lapis]
- Let’s Talk Queer Self-Care in a Pandemic [New Now Next]
- 5 Awesome, Immediate Self-care Resources For When You Feel Like Actual Garbage [Let’s Queer Things Up]
- A Self-care Action Plan [How to Adult]
- Feel-good Tiktoks we all need right now [Ash is Trash, Rainbow World]
- Instagram therapists
Leyla is a freelance journalist, podcaster and aspiring filmmaker keeping abreast of global politics and tech news.